Why Indian PM’s US Visit Is So Important

Abandoning the Paris climate deal, American President Donald Trump recently attacked India and China, saying that the deal allows the two Asian countries to earn million of dollars. He also said that the US considers this deal ‘unfair’.
Significantly, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a strategic axis with China and Russia regarding the Paris climate deal just before his arrival in the US on Sunday (June 25). Indian diplomats hope that it will help PM Modi bargain hard with President Trump on the climate issue during their meeting on Monday.
During the foreign minister-level meeting of the BRICS (the association of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries in Beijing on June 18-19, India stressed on the issue of Paris climate treaty. Indian Minister of State for External Affairs Vijay Kumar Singh discussed the issue separately with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on the sidelines of the meeting.
Later, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs issued a statement, requesting the international community to oppose President Trump’s decision to abandon the Paris deal. “The concerned foreign ministers have called on all countries to implement the Paris climate deal. Each state has specific responsibilities,” said the statement. In fact, BRICS issued a similar statement, stressing: “The developed countries must fulfil the commitments related to financial assistance, technology transfer and support for efficiency enhancement as mentioned in the Paris treaty.”
America’s withdrawal from the Paris climate deal brings an opportunity for India to lead the fight against climate change. As far as the Paris deal is concerned, Prime Minister Modi has been active for the past few weeks. He discussed the issue with newly-elected French President Emmanuel Macron earlier in June and sent a strong message to the US from France, saying: “It was part of the world’s shared heritage and India would continue working…above and beyond the Paris accord. We have to protect future generations and give new hope.”

It is a fact that developed nations are responsible for the global warming, although people of the poor and developing countries suffer the most. So, it was decided in the Paris deal that rich countries, like America, would provide financial aid to poorer nations. As a part of the deal, the US is supposed to send USD 300 billion in aid by 2020 to the poorer countries and the amount is set to increase over time. The government of former President Barack Obama had paid USD 100 billion.
The essence of the Paris agreement is the global target of keeping global average temperatures from rising 2°Celsius (compared to temperatures pre-industrial revolution) by the end of the century. But, the deal doesn’t detail exactly how these countries should do so. Instead, it provides a framework for getting momentum going on greenhouse gas reduction, with some oversight and accountability. For the US, the pledge involves 26% to 28% reductions by 2025. President Trump made clear that it would not be possible for America to accept the two conditions.
Now, it is up to Premier Modi to convince President Trump to accept the conditions or to accept India’s leadership on climate issue in a changing global political scenario.

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